A part of International Tractors Ltd.

Blog

Package of Practice – Jowar/Sorghum/Great Millet

April 30, 2019 by solis

Jowar/Sorghum/Great Millet – Summer Crop

Ideal Climatic Requirements

 

Climate Type /suited for Germination Vegetative growth
Temperature 10 OC and above 25 to 30 OC
Humidity Morning :91-92

Evening: 45-65

Rainfall
Season Summer
Altitude Sea level to 1500 m Sea level to 1500 m
Sunshine Hours Bright sunshine Bright sunshine

 

Soil

 

Soil type Medium to heavy, well drained soil
pH value Range 6.0 to 8.5
EC factor Less than 1.00  dSm-1
Soil Texture Loamy to clay
Soil Depth 45 to 90 cm

 

Crop Seed

 

Local Seed Name Jowar
Seed Treatment chemical Captan or Thiram
Method of seed treatment Dry dressing @ 2.5 g/ kg of  seed
Type of seed Seed
Availability of  Seed MPKV, Rahuri
Seed Inoculation Azatobactor culture @ 25 g / kg of seed
Seed Storage Polythene bags in rat proof godown at ambient condition
Seed certification status Truthful seed

 

Crop Varieties

 

Variety Name Ruchira
Variety type Single cut /multi cut variety
Time of sowing February- March
Seed Rate (kg/ha) 40
Planting Space 30 cm between two rows
Optimum yield (q) GFY: 595.0 q/ha, DMY: 155.0 q/ha

GFY : 450.0 q/ha, DMY : 82.6 q/ha

Crop Cycle Duration

(in Days)

65-70 days after sowing
Features High yielding, leafy, Juicy, sweet and palatable, two cuttings can be taken, good for green, dry feeding and silage making

Plant medium  tall  with  more  juicy,  sweet  and palatable stem. It has high leafiness and 9.34 per
cent crude protein at 50 per cent flowering stage. Variety is tolerant to major insect-pests and foliar
diseases.  Maturity in 65-70 days. Two cuttings can be taken

Year of Release 1982 (released), Not notified
Release By Institutions Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri – 413 722, Dist. Ahmednagar (Maharashtra)

 

Usage of Manures in the Crop

 

Type of Manure FYM
Time of Application Before harrowing
Amount of Manure 5-6 tones/ha
 

Usage of Fertilizers in the Crop

 

Recommended dose 100 kg N/ ha 50 kg P2O5/ ha 50 kg K2O/ ha
Source of Fertilizers Urea Single Super Phosphate (SSP) Muriate of Potash (MOP)
Fertilizer Composition 46% N 16 % P2O5 60% K2O
Amount of Fertilizers (kg ha-1) 217 kg urea 312.5 kg SSP 83.5 kg MOP
Time of Fertilization
1. Basal (at sowing) 108.5 kg urea 312.5 kg SSP 83.5 kg MOP
2. Top dressing (30 days after sowing) 108.5 kg urea
Mode of Application Band placement Band placement Band placement
Safe Usage of Fertilizers Use hand gloves, eye glasses and mask

 

 

Usage of Manures in the Crop

 

Type of Manure FYM
Time of Application Before harrowing
Amount of Manure 5-6 tones/ha

 

Irrigation Period in Crops

 

Time and Amount of Irrigation 250 to 300 mm
Frequency 8-10 days interval
Drainage System
Water Quality Good
Machine Required –nil–

 

Nutritional Disorders

 

Nutrient Name Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
Symbol N P K
Deficiency Symptoms Yellowing of old leaves ,stunted growth. Poor tillers, poor root growth and lodging Poor quality of fodder
Remedies Foliar spray of 1% urea Foliar spray of 0.5 % DAP Foliar spray of 0.5% SOP
Source of Nutrient urea DAP SOP
Application Mode Foliar Foliar Foliar
Micronutrients 1. For chlorosis, foliar spray of 0.1 %  chelated Fe

2. Spraying of liquid micronutrient grade No.2,  if symptoms are observed

 

 

Weed Control

 

Weed Name Parthenium Field bind weed Spurge
Botanical Name Parthenium hysterophorus L. Convulvus arvensis L. Euphorbia spp.
Local Name Gajar gavat Chandvel Dudhani
Weed Type Broad leaved weed Broad leaved weed Broad leaved weed
Infestation intensity High Low High
Crop Growth Stage Initial Initial Initial
Favorable weather conditions Rainy, wet condition Rainy Rainy
Manual Control One weeding followed by one hoeing One weeding followed by one hoeing One weeding followed by one hoeing
Biological Control
Chemical Control Spray Atrazine 50% WP @ 2-4 kg/ha as pre emergence in 500 lit. of water

Spray 2, 4-D Dimethyl Amine salt 58 % WSP @ 2.5 lit. / ha at 3-4 weeks after sowing in 500 lit. of water

Spray Atrazine 50% WP @ 2-4 kg/ha as pre emergence in 500 lit. of water

Spray 2, 4-D Dimethyl Amine salt 58 % WSP @ 2.5 lit. / ha at 3-4 weeks after sowing in 500 lit. of water

Spray Atrazine 50% WP @ 2-4 kg/ha as pre emergence in 500 lit. of water

Spray 2, 4-D Dimethyl Amine salt 58 % WSP @ 2.5 lit. / ha at 3-4 weeks after sowing in 500 lit. of water

Preventive Measure Sowing of clean seed, Use well decomposed FYM, Destruction of weeds before flowering Sowing of clean seed, Use well decomposed FYM, Destruction of weeds before flowering Sowing of clean seed, Use well decomposed FYM, Destruction of weeds before flowering
Safe Usage of chemical Use separate spray pump for herbicides, Use mask and hand gloves while spraying Use separate spray pump for herbicides, Use mask and hand gloves while spraying Use separate spray pump for herbicides, Use mask and hand gloves while spraying

 

 

Harvesting

 

Harvesting Period 65 to 70 days after sowing
Harvesting Symptoms 50% flowering stage
Harvesting Time 65 to 70 days after sowing
Mode of Harvesting Manual cutting of green fodder by sickle
Threshing
Time of Threshing
Machine Required

 

 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Like what you’re reading? Get our next article by Liking us on Facebook   >>